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ADA - Accessibility


What is ADA?

 

Accessibility is making a Web site is usable by people with disabilities. Web pages often have access issues for the following groups of people:

  • Visually impaired people using screen readers
  • Hearing impaired people using browsers with no sound
  • Physically impaired people
  • Color blind people

What can I do to make my site ADA compliant?


1) Add alternate text to Images........wait.....you already do that. The image description you enter when you insert an image is used as alternate text, by screen readers for the visually impared. The editor is designed so that you cannot insert an image without the alternate text.

2) Design your site so that it can be easily navigated without style sheets. Because the web editor uses templates built with style sheets, this is already taken care of.

3) Use the clearest and simplest language appropriate for a site's content. In other words write as if you were talking to a 12 year old. (The average person has a 6th grade reading level)

4) When using tables always include a summary in the advanced tab. The summary should be a brief description of the table's purpose or content.

5) Keep it simple. As a rule of thumb you should always keep the site simple, easy to read, and easy to navigate.

 

 

 

Web Development Maintenance Standards and Procedures

A. ADA Compliance

1. Purpose

Disabled users of the web site must be able to reasonably access the information on each web page. Disabilities that must be accommodated include visual impairment, color blindness, hearing impairments, motor skills disabilities, and epilepsy induced by flash frequency.

2. Standard

Web Representatives (Web Reps) must ensure web pages are compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) to ensure that information is accessible to disabled persons and the University has complied with Section 508 of the United States Rehabilitation Act.

3. Implementation and Procedure

Web Reps are responsible to ensure that web pages include alphabetized text information, alternative text tags for images, alternative text for audio files, colors that contrast appropriately, and do not include flashing features.

4. Background Information

Users with visual impairments use screen readers when accessing Web pages. Screen readers verbalize the text on the Web pages for them to hear. This requires that lists and other text information be in alphabetical order so the user knows where they are at on the page. It also requires the use of alternative text tags on images so the user knows what is on the image. Alternative text for audio files must be provided for the hearing impaired so the user can visually read the information. Contrasting colors are required because users with color blindness can not distinguish between some colors. Flashing features may induce seizures in users with some forms of epilepsy. The University is required by law to comply with the ADA and Section 508.

5. References

a. BYU–Idaho Web Site ADA Compliance Statement
b. Disability Services Center Web site Section
c. Section 508 of the United States Rehabilitation Act
d. www.Webaim.org

6. Exceptions

All exceptions must be approved by University Communications and the director of the Disability Services Center.

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