Outdoor Skills - Snow
CLASS CODE: RL 225R CREDITS:  1 - 6 FEE:  $80.00
GENERAL EDUCATION: This course does not fulfill a General Education requirement.

DESCRIPTION: Skill and leadership development for winter camping, snowshoeing, cross country skiing, backcountry skiing and mountaineering. See class schedule for topic and number of credits allowed for specific section.
TAUGHT: Winter
CONTENT AND TOPICS: See individual section descriptions
Level I snow must be taken before Level II
Only sign up for the specified credits. You could accumulate up to six credits from various sections in Winter Skills.
1. Select appropriate equipment for traveling over snow: skis (length, wax/nowax, style), poles (length and style), snowshoes (type and appropriate bindings).
2. Differentiate between ski waxes and know which to use and when to use it.
3. Demonstrate how to wax and de-wax a ski.
4. Learn and demonstrate different techniques used in Nordic skiing: diagonal stride, double pole with a kick, side step, skate, wedge and step turn, herringbone, kick turn wedge stop, skate turn, telemark turn.
5. Demonstrate how to put on and walk in snowshoes.
6. Practice avalanche recovery with a beacon, probe and shovel.
7. Understand the basics of avalanche awareness.
8. Know the different types of clothing and fabric used in winter outdoor recreation.
9. Select clothing and equipment to be used on an overnight winter camping trip.

Snow II:
1. Plan and participate in various winter camping experiences.
2. Display skills and judgment necessary to experience the winter environment in a safe, unobtrusive, and enjoyable manner.
3. Understand the basics of winter camping including clothing usage, body reactions to cold, nutritional needs, water procurement, equipment use and maintenance, first aid, hypothermia, risk management, planning and packing, winter route finding and challenges associated with cold weather activities.
4. Be able to perform linked telemark turns.
5. Teach basic snowskills course material in a variety of settings with various groups of people.
6. Recognize potential hazards associated with avalanches and winter weather conditions.
7. Show the principles of snow pit evaluation and be able to utilize this information in the hazard evaluation process.
8. Practice and advocate minimum impact skills.
9. Know and understand the proper use of avalanche rescue equipment including beacons, probes, shovels, etc. and perform efficient and effective rescue techniques in the winter environment.
10. Actively practice effective expedition behavior.
1. Attendance: It is important that students are in attendance. Much of the course material is covered through demonstration and practice -- both of which are difficult to make up.

2. Practical Exam
3. Written Exam

1. Snow Based Skills Presentations and outline

2. Trip Plan

3. White Death Response Paper

4. Exams

5. Attendance and Participation
PREREQUISITES: RL123 required for all snow skill classes or instructors permission.